Monographs
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UA Ruhr Studies on Development and Global Governance

 

uar-studies-70 cover 70. Elkhan Richard Sadik-Zada (2016):
Oil Abundance and Economic Growth. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 174 S. ISBN 978-3-8325-4342-6 (€ 40,50) [more info]

This book deals with the role of oil abundance in economic growth. The major theoretical contribution of the analysis is the transformation of the rentier state theory into the language of mathematical economics. The mathematical formalization of the rentier state theory enables a more sophisticated analytical tool for the assessment of the role of nonrenewable resource revenues in economic growth and institutional dynamics. The embedding of the elements of a rentier state into the labor surplus economy framework leads to grave consequences as reflected in the quantitative part of the survey. The augmented labor surplus economy model shows that both the political economy and the purely economic causes of the resource curse can have similar effects on the resource allocation in the affected nation. Hence, it is not possible to use econometric tools to compartmentalize the effects of the Dutch disease and those explanations based upon political economy. This is the reason why one can only estimate the total growth effects of oil revenues. Besides cross-country panel estimations, a case study of Azerbaijan provides additional insights into petroleum based economic development. These international panel and country specific estimations are partly based on the two sector model of economic growth. In the case of Azerbaijan, a vector error correction model, which is based upon the behavioral model of the equilibrium exchange rate, is applied to detect the Dutch disease tendencies.
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69. Stefan Buchholz (2016):
Dimensionen und Bestimmungsfaktoren der HIV/AIDS-bezogenen Stigmatisierung in der Republik Südafrika: Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung unter Studenten in der Metropolregion Kapstadt. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 522 S.
ISBN 978-3-8325-4302-0 (€ 60,50) [more info]

Deutsches Abstract: Stigmatisierungsprozesse gegenüber Menschen mit HIV/AIDS stellen ein elementares Hindernis im Kampf gegen die Immunschwächekrankheit dar. In Südafrika fielen diese in der Vergangenheit so drastisch aus, dass Betroffene das Bekanntwerden ihrer HIV-Infektion mit dem Leben bezahlt haben. Die vorliegende Arbeit stellt eine Ursachenanalyse HIV/AIDS-bezogener Stigmatisierungsprozesse in der südafrikanischen Gesellschaft dar. Basierend auf sozialwissenschaftlichen Theorien und empirischen Vorkenntnissen wird ein Erhebungsinstrument zur Erfassung stigmatisierender Einstellungen entwickelt. Zudem werden mögliche Bestimmungsfaktoren erfasst und mit Hilfe multivariater statistischer Verfahren auf ihre Erklärungskraft für stigmatisierende Einstellungen gegenüber Menschen mit HIV/AIDS hin untersucht. Grundlage der Analyse ist eine quantitative Erhebung, die im Jahr 2013 unter Studentinnen und Studenten der Metropolregion Kapstadt durchgeführt wurde. Bei der Präsentation der Ergebnisse wurde besonderer Wert auf eine verständliche und transparente Darstellung der methodischen Vorgehensweise gelegt. English Abstract: Stigma towards people living with HIV/AIDS is widely considered to be a fundamental roadblock in the fight against the disease. In South Africa, processes of stigmatization have reached dramatic levels in the past. People who made their HIV infection public have been socially excluded, harassed, assaulted and even murdered by members of their communities. This dissertation is focused on the social-psychological root causes of stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Based on insights from social scientific theories and findings from previous studies, a survey instrument was developed to measure stigmatizing attitudes among more than 1.000 university students from the Cape Town Metropolitan Area. Furthermore, possible determining factors of HIV/AIDS-related stigma were assessed and investigated for their empirical relevance in explaining the phenomenon. In his analysis, the Author attached great value on explaining the applied research methods and presenting the empirical findings in a transparent and coherent manner.
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68. Annika Engelbert, Markus Kaltenborn, Nina-Annette Reit-Born (2016):
Effective corruption control. Supplier remedies in public procurement in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania - A comparative analysis of mechanisms and their implementation. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 131 S. ISBN 978-3-8325-4251-1 (€ 35,00) [more info]

This book presents the results of a three-year research project based at the Ruhr-University Bochum, financed by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, Cologne. Corruption in public procurement is widespread and particularly damaging to development objectives, as it undermines any state's duty to maximize the social and economic welfare of its citizens. Yet, research on country-specific regulation meant to address this problem has remained scarce. This book aims to fill this gap by providing a systematic comparative analysis of supplier remedies mechanisms in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. It elaborates on the potential of legal remedies to serve as anticorruption tools. Based on the fact that the anti-corruption effect of remedies mechanisms depends ultimately on the actual use by suppliers, three main factors are discussed: (1) the institutional setting and independence of the remedies systems; (2) their accessibility for aggrieved bidders; and (3) their efficiency, driven by bidder's cost-benefit analysis and including the aspects of procedural fees, duration, available relief and prospects of success. The assessment of the legislation is complemented by information gained from various stakeholders such as public procurement authorities, development organizations, NGOs and scientific experts. Despite many similarities of the systems due to their common historical background, the analysis identifies remarkably different regulative and institutional approaches, and discusses their more or less supportive effects on the use of supplier remedies mechanisms.
  1. Caroline Breitung (2015):
    Organisational behaviour of humanitarian agencies in their interaction with armed rebel groups. A case study of humanitarian engagement with the Lord's Resistance Army. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 243 S.
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Marco Rimkus (2015):
    Welternährung, Nutztierschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit. Eine monetäre Bewertung in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 459 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3893-4 (€ 59,00)
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Tobias Thürer (2015):
    Does speculation with agricultural commodity futures cause price bubbles in the event of negative production shocks? - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 220 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3876-7 (€ 42,00)
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Carlos Gustavo Villela (2014):
    Understanding Institutionalized Collective Remittances: The Mexican Tres por Uno Program in Zacatecas. - Berlin: Logos Verl. - 386 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3703-6 (€ 43,00)
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Valentina Dillenseger (2013):
    Technologietransfer durch Migranten aus Entwicklungsländern – Berlin: Logos Verl. - 200 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3591-9 (€ 35,50)
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Abate Mekuriaw Bizuneh (2013):
    Climate Variability and Change in the Rift Valley and Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia: local knowledge, impacts and adaptation. – Berlin: Logos Verl. – 205 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3524-7 (€ 42,50)
    [Abstract] [more info]
  1. Shafaq Hussain (2012):
    Growth Effects and the Determinants of Female Employment in Pakistan: a macro- and microeconomic analysis. – Berlin: Logos Verl. – 206 S.
    ISBN 978-3-8325-3131-7 (€ 37,00)
    [Abstract] [more info]

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy Institute of Political Science Institute for Development and Peace